DIET AND GASTRITIS

17 Sep 2019 Uncategorized

DIET AND GASTRITIS: ADVICES TO FIGHT THE DISORDERS AND ACIDITY OF THE SEASONS CHANGE

Author Dr. Davide Maged; MSc, PhD in Biomedical Science and Public Health, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, università cattolica del sacro cuore Roma (Italy)

Gastritis is an acute or chronic inflammatory process of the stomach wall, related or not to acidity. It has been shown to be a disease that tends to exacerbate during seasonal changes. The classic symptoms are acidity, gastroesophageal reflux, slow and laborious digestion, bitter taste in the mouth, sometimes even stomach cramps followed by nausea and vomiting.

In such conditions, the diet must be adequate and an integral aspect of the patient’s care. Gastritis is often caused by bad eating habits such as abuse of alcohol, spices, irritating seasonings for the mucous membrane, and, of course, tobacco. The diet for gastritis is primarily based on the observance of some very simple behavioral rules such as:

  • eat slowly because good chewing makes it easier to digest and reduces the time it takes for the food to remain in the stomach
  • eat in peace and quiet, without discussion, and remain seated for about ten minutes at the end of the meal
  • avoid heavy meals and prefer a correct distribution of meal in a day, better if small and frequent to take advantage of the buffering action of the food on the acidity of the stomach
  • avoid skipping meals or delaying them excessively

NOT RECOMMENDED FOODS

  • fresh bread with breadcrumbs and not much cooked, whole-grain bread, whole-grain flours
  • soups with whole legumes, sautéed, and meat broth
  • anchovies, herring, sardines, smoked salmon, salt cod
  • citrus fruits and citrus fruit juices, acidic fruit juices
  • first courses with high-fat sauces
  • spices and spicy foods – fermented and spicy cheeses
  • fried foods and sauces in general
  • foods preserved in salt, smoked or marinated
  • dried fruit
  • unripe fruit and fruit with seeds
  • soda drinks
  • tea, coffee or decaffeinated coffee
  • chocolate and puff pastry cakes

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